HGRC(8) HGRC(8) NAME hgrc - configuration files for Mercurial SYNOPSIS The Mercurial system uses a set of configuration files to control aspects of its behaviour. FILES Mercurial reads configuration data from several files, if they exist. The names of these files depend on the system on which Mercurial is installed. *.rc files from a single directory are read in alphabetical order, later ones overriding earlier ones. Where multiple paths are given below, settings from later paths override earlier ones. (Unix) <install-root>/etc/mercurial/hgrc.d/*.rc, (Unix) <install-root>/etc/mercurial/hgrc Per-installation configuration files, searched for in the directory where Mercurial is installed. <install-root> is the parent directory of the hg executable (or symlink) being run. For example, if installed in /shared/tools/bin/hg, Mercurial will look in /shared/tools/etc/mercurial/hgrc. Options in these files apply to all Mercurial commands executed by any user in any directory. (Unix) /etc/mercurial/hgrc.d/*.rc, (Unix) /etc/mercurial/hgrc Per-system configuration files, for the system on which Mercurial is running. Options in these files apply to all Mercurial commands executed by any user in any directory. Options in these files override per-installation options. (Windows) <install-dir>\Mercurial.ini, or else, (Windows) HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Mercurial, or else, (Windows) C:\Mercurial\Mercurial.ini Per-installation/system configuration files, for the system on which Mercurial is running. Options in these files apply to all Mercurial commands executed by any user in any directory. Registry keys contain PATH-like strings, every part of which must reference a Mercurial.ini file or be a directory where *.rc files will be read. (Unix) $HOME/.hgrc, (Windows) %HOME%\Mercurial.ini, (Windows) %HOME%\.hgrc, (Windows) %USERPROFILE%\Mercurial.ini, (Windows) %USERPROFILE%\.hgrc Per-user configuration file(s), for the user running HGRC(8) HGRC(8) Mercurial. On Windows 9x, %HOME% is replaced by %APPDATA%. Options in these files apply to all Mercurial commands executed by this user in any directory. Options in thes files override per-installation and per-system options. (Unix, Windows) <repo>/.hg/hgrc Per-repository configuration options that only apply in a particular repository. This file is not version-controlled, and will not get transferred during a "clone" operation. Options in this file override options in all other configuration files. On Unix, most of this file will be ignored if it doesn't belong to a trusted user or to a trusted group. See the documentation for the trusted section below for more details. SYNTAX A configuration file consists of sections, led by a "[section]" header and followed by "name: value" entries; "name=value" is also accepted. [spam] eggs=ham green= eggs Each line contains one entry. If the lines that follow are indented, they are treated as continuations of that entry. Leading whitespace is removed from values. Empty lines are skipped. The optional values can contain format strings which refer to other values in the same section, or values in a special DEFAULT section. Lines beginning with "#" or ";" are ignored and may be used to provide comments. SECTIONS This section describes the different sections that may appear in a Mercurial "hgrc" file, the purpose of each section, its possible keys, and their possible values. decode/encode Filters for transforming files on checkout/checkin. This would typically be used for newline processing or other localization/canonicalization of files. Filters consist of a filter pattern followed by a filter command. HGRC(8) HGRC(8) Filter patterns are globs by default, rooted at the repository root. For example, to match any file ending in ".txt" in the root directory only, use the pattern "*.txt". To match any file ending in ".c" anywhere in the repository, use the pattern "**.c". The filter command can start with a specifier, either "pipe:" or "tempfile:". If no specifier is given, "pipe:" is used by default. A "pipe:" command must accept data on stdin and return the transformed data on stdout. Pipe example: [encode] # uncompress gzip files on checkin to improve delta compression # note: not necessarily a good idea, just an example *.gz = pipe: gunzip [decode] # recompress gzip files when writing them to the working dir (we # can safely omit "pipe:", because it's the default) *.gz = gzip A "tempfile:" command is a template. The string INFILE is replaced with the name of a temporary file that contains the data to be filtered by the command. The string OUTFILE is replaced with the name of an empty temporary file, where the filtered data must be written by the command. NOTE: the tempfile mechanism is recommended for Windows systems, where the standard shell I/O redirection operators often have strange effects and may corrupt the contents of your files. The most common usage is for LF <-> CRLF translation on Windows. For this, use the "smart" convertors which check for binary files: [extensions] hgext.win32text = [encode] ** = cleverencode: [decode] ** = cleverdecode: or if you only want to translate certain files: [extensions] hgext.win32text = [encode] **.txt = dumbencode: [decode] **.txt = dumbdecode: HGRC(8) HGRC(8) defaults Use the [defaults] section to define command defaults, i.e. the default options/arguments to pass to the specified commands. The following example makes 'hg log' run in verbose mode, and 'hg status' show only the modified files, by default. [defaults] log = -v status = -m The actual commands, instead of their aliases, must be used when defining command defaults. The command defaults will also be applied to the aliases of the commands defined. diff Settings used when displaying diffs. They are all boolean and defaults to False. git Use git extended diff format. nodates Don't include dates in diff headers. showfunc Show which function each change is in. ignorews Ignore white space when comparing lines. ignorewsamount Ignore changes in the amount of white space. ignoreblanklines Ignore changes whose lines are all blank. email Settings for extensions that send email messages. from Optional. Email address to use in "From" header and SMTP envelope of outgoing messages. to Optional. Comma-separated list of recipients' email addresses. cc Optional. Comma-separated list of carbon copy recipients' email addresses. HGRC(8) HGRC(8) bcc Optional. Comma-separated list of blind carbon copy recipients' email addresses. Cannot be set interactively. method Optional. Method to use to send email messages. If value is "smtp" (default), use SMTP (see section "[smtp]" for configuration). Otherwise, use as name of program to run that acts like sendmail (takes "-f" option for sender, list of recipients on command line, message on stdin). Normally, setting this to "sendmail" or "/usr/sbin/sendmail" is enough to use sendmail to send messages. Email example: [email] from = Joseph User <email@example.com> method = /usr/sbin/sendmail extensions Mercurial has an extension mechanism for adding new features. To enable an extension, create an entry for it in this section. If you know that the extension is already in Python's search path, you can give the name of the module, followed by "=", with nothing after the "=". Otherwise, give a name that you choose, followed by "=", followed by the path to the ".py" file (including the file name extension) that defines the extension. To explicitly disable an extension that is enabled in an hgrc of broader scope, prepend its path with '!', as in 'hgext.foo = !/ext/path' or 'hgext.foo = !' when no path is supplied. Example for ~/.hgrc: [extensions] # (the mq extension will get loaded from mercurial's path) hgext.mq = # (this extension will get loaded from the file specified) myfeature = ~/.hgext/myfeature.py format usestore Enable or disable the "store" repository format which improves compatibility with systems that fold case or otherwise mangle filenames. Enabled by HGRC(8) HGRC(8) default. Disabling this option will allow you to store longer filenames in some situations at the expense of compatibility. merge-patterns This section specifies merge tools to associate with particular file patterns. Tools matched here will take precedence over the default merge tool. Patterns are globs by default, rooted at the repository root. Example: [merge-patterns] **.c = kdiff3 **.jpg = myimgmerge merge-tools This section configures external merge tools to use for file-level merges. Example ~/.hgrc: [merge-tools] # Override stock tool location kdiff3.executable = ~/bin/kdiff3 # Specify command line kdiff3.args = $base $local $other -o $output # Give higher priority kdiff3.priority = 1 # Define new tool myHtmlTool.args = -m $local $other $base $output myHtmlTool.regkey = Software\FooSoftware\HtmlMerge myHtmlTool.priority = 1 Supported arguments: priority;; The priority in which to evaluate this tool. Default: 0. executable;; Either just the name of the executable or its pathname. Default: the tool name. args;; The arguments to pass to the tool executable. You can refer to the files being merged as well as the output file through these variables: $base, $local, $other, $output. Default: $local $base $other premerge;; Attempt to run internal non-interactive 3-way merge tool before launching external tool. Default: True binary;; HGRC(8) HGRC(8) This tool can merge binary files. Defaults to False, unless tool was selected by file pattern match. symlink;; This tool can merge symlinks. Defaults to False, even if tool was selected by file pattern match. checkconflicts;; Check whether there are conflicts even though the tool reported success. Default: False checkchanged;; Check whether outputs were written even though the tool reported success. Default: False fixeol;; Attempt to fix up EOL changes caused by the merge tool. Default: False gui:; This tool requires a graphical interface to run. Default: False regkey;; Windows registry key which describes install location of this tool. Mercurial will search for this key first under HKEY_CURRENT_USER and then under HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE. Default: None regname;; Name of value to read from specified registry key. Defaults to the unnamed (default) value. regappend;; String to append to the value read from the registry, typically the executable name of the tool. Default: None hooks Commands or Python functions that get automatically executed by various actions such as starting or finishing a commit. Multiple hooks can be run for the same action by appending a suffix to the action. Overriding a site-wide hook can be done by changing its value or setting it to an empty string. Example .hg/hgrc: [hooks] # do not use the site-wide hook incoming = incoming.email = /my/email/hook incoming.autobuild = /my/build/hook Most hooks are run with environment variables set that give added useful information. For each hook below, the environment variables it is passed are listed with names of the form "$HG_foo". changegroup Run after a changegroup has been added via push, pull or unbundle. ID of the first new changeset is HGRC(8) HGRC(8) in $HG_NODE. URL from which changes came is in $HG_URL. commit Run after a changeset has been created in the local repository. ID of the newly created changeset is in $HG_NODE. Parent changeset IDs are in $HG_PARENT1 and $HG_PARENT2. incoming Run after a changeset has been pulled, pushed, or unbundled into the local repository. The ID of the newly arrived changeset is in $HG_NODE. URL that was source of changes came is in $HG_URL. outgoing Run after sending changes from local repository to another. ID of first changeset sent is in $HG_NODE. Source of operation is in $HG_SOURCE; see "preoutgoing" hook for description. post-<command> Run after successful invocations of the associated command. The contents of the command line are passed as $HG_ARGS and the result code in $HG_RESULT. Hook failure is ignored. pre-<command> Run before executing the associated command. The contents of the command line are passed as $HG_ARGS. If the hook returns failure, the command doesn't execute and Mercurial returns the failure code. prechangegroup Run before a changegroup is added via push, pull or unbundle. Exit status 0 allows the changegroup to proceed. Non-zero status will cause the push, pull or unbundle to fail. URL from which changes will come is in $HG_URL. precommit Run before starting a local commit. Exit status 0 allows the commit to proceed. Non-zero status will cause the commit to fail. Parent changeset IDs are in $HG_PARENT1 and $HG_PARENT2. preoutgoing Run before collecting changes to send from the local repository to another. Non-zero status will cause failure. This lets you prevent pull over http or ssh. Also prevents against local pull, push (outbound) or bundle commands, but not effective, HGRC(8) HGRC(8) since you can just copy files instead then. Source of operation is in $HG_SOURCE. If "serve", operation is happening on behalf of remote ssh or http repository. If "push", "pull" or "bundle", operation is happening on behalf of repository on same system. pretag Run before creating a tag. Exit status 0 allows the tag to be created. Non-zero status will cause the tag to fail. ID of changeset to tag is in $HG_NODE. Name of tag is in $HG_TAG. Tag is local if $HG_LOCAL=1, in repo if $HG_LOCAL=0. pretxnchangegroup Run after a changegroup has been added via push, pull or unbundle, but before the transaction has been committed. Changegroup is visible to hook program. This lets you validate incoming changes before accepting them. Passed the ID of the first new changeset in $HG_NODE. Exit status 0 allows the transaction to commit. Non-zero status will cause the transaction to be rolled back and the push, pull or unbundle will fail. URL that was source of changes is in $HG_URL. pretxncommit Run after a changeset has been created but the transaction not yet committed. Changeset is visible to hook program. This lets you validate commit message and changes. Exit status 0 allows the commit to proceed. Non-zero status will cause the transaction to be rolled back. ID of changeset is in $HG_NODE. Parent changeset IDs are in $HG_PARENT1 and $HG_PARENT2. preupdate Run before updating the working directory. Exit status 0 allows the update to proceed. Non-zero status will prevent the update. Changeset ID of first new parent is in $HG_PARENT1. If merge, ID of second new parent is in $HG_PARENT2. tag Run after a tag is created. ID of tagged changeset is in $HG_NODE. Name of tag is in $HG_TAG. Tag is local if $HG_LOCAL=1, in repo if $HG_LOCAL=0. update Run after updating the working directory. Changeset ID of first new parent is in $HG_PARENT1. If merge, ID of second new parent is in $HG_PARENT2. If update succeeded, $HG_ERROR=0. If update failed (e.g. HGRC(8) HGRC(8) because conflicts not resolved), $HG_ERROR=1. Note: it is generally better to use standard hooks rather than the generic pre- and post- command hooks as they are guaranteed to be called in the appropriate contexts for influencing transactions. Also, hooks like "commit" will be called in all contexts that generate a commit (eg. tag) and not just the commit command. Note2: Environment variables with empty values may not be passed to hooks on platforms like Windows. For instance, $HG_PARENT2 will not be available under Windows for non-merge changesets while being set to an empty value under Unix-like systems. The syntax for Python hooks is as follows: hookname = python:modulename.submodule.callable Python hooks are run within the Mercurial process. Each hook is called with at least three keyword arguments: a ui object (keyword "ui"), a repository object (keyword "repo"), and a "hooktype" keyword that tells what kind of hook is used. Arguments listed as environment variables above are passed as keyword arguments, with no "HG_" prefix, and names in lower case. If a Python hook returns a "true" value or raises an exception, this is treated as failure of the hook. http_proxy Used to access web-based Mercurial repositories through a HTTP proxy. host Host name and (optional) port of the proxy server, for example "myproxy:8000". no Optional. Comma-separated list of host names that should bypass the proxy. passwd Optional. Password to authenticate with at the proxy server. user Optional. User name to authenticate with at the proxy server. smtp Configuration for extensions that need to send email messages. host HGRC(8) HGRC(8) Host name of mail server, e.g. "mail.example.com". port Optional. Port to connect to on mail server. Default: 25. tls Optional. Whether to connect to mail server using TLS. True or False. Default: False. username Optional. User name to authenticate to SMTP server with. If username is specified, password must also be specified. Default: none. password Optional. Password to authenticate to SMTP server with. If username is specified, password must also be specified. Default: none. local_hostname Optional. It's the hostname that the sender can use to identify itself to the MTA. paths Assigns symbolic names to repositories. The left side is the symbolic name, and the right gives the directory or URL that is the location of the repository. Default paths can be declared by setting the following entries. default Directory or URL to use when pulling if no source is specified. Default is set to repository from which the current repository was cloned. default-push Optional. Directory or URL to use when pushing if no destination is specified. server Controls generic server settings. uncompressed Whether to allow clients to clone a repo using the uncompressed streaming protocol. This transfers about 40% more data than a regular clone, but uses less memory and CPU on both server and client. Over a LAN (100Mbps or better) or a very fast WAN, an uncompressed streaming clone is a lot faster (~10x) than a regular clone. Over most WAN connections (anything slower than about 6Mbps), uncompressed streaming is slower, because of the extra data HGRC(8) HGRC(8) transfer overhead. Default is False. trusted For security reasons, Mercurial will not use the settings in the .hg/hgrc file from a repository if it doesn't belong to a trusted user or to a trusted group. The main exception is the web interface, which automatically uses some safe settings, since it's common to serve repositories from different users. This section specifies what users and groups are trusted. The current user is always trusted. To trust everybody, list a user or a group with name "*". users Comma-separated list of trusted users. groups Comma-separated list of trusted groups. ui User interface controls. archivemeta Whether to include the .hg_archival.txt file containing metadata (hashes for the repository base and for tip) in archives created by the hg archive command or downloaded via hgweb. Default is true. debug Print debugging information. True or False. Default is False. editor The editor to use during a commit. Default is $EDITOR or "vi". fallbackencoding Encoding to try if it's not possible to decode the changelog using UTF-8. Default is ISO-8859-1. ignore A file to read per-user ignore patterns from. This file should be in the same format as a repository-wide .hgignore file. This option supports hook syntax, so if you want to specify multiple ignore files, you can do so by setting something like "ignore.other = ~/.hgignore2". For details of the ignore file format, see the hgignore(8) man page. interactive HGRC(8) HGRC(8) Allow to prompt the user. True or False. Default is True. logtemplate Template string for commands that print changesets. merge The conflict resolution program to use during a man- ual merge. There are some internal tools available: internal:local keep the local version internal:other use the other version internal:merge use the internal non-interactive merge tool internal:fail fail to merge See the merge-tools section for more information on configuring tools. patch;; command to use to apply patches. Look for 'gpatch' or 'patch' in PATH if unset. quiet;; Reduce the amount of output printed. True or False. Default is False. remotecmd;; remote command to use for clone/push/pull operations. Default is 'hg'. report_untrusted;; Warn if a .hg/hgrc file is ignored due to not being owned by a trusted user or group. True or False. Default is True. slash;; Display paths using a slash ("/") as the path separator. This only makes a difference on systems where the default path separator is not the slash character (e.g. Windows uses the backslash character ("\")). Default is False. ssh;; command to use for SSH connections. Default is 'ssh'. strict;; Require exact command names, instead of allowing unambiguous abbreviations. True or False. Default is False. style;; Name of style to use for command output. timeout;; The timeout used when a lock is held (in seconds), a negative value means no timeout. Default is 600. username;; The committer of a changeset created when running "commit". Typically a person's name and email address, e.g. "Fred Widget <firstname.lastname@example.org>". Default is $EMAIL or username@hostname. HGRC(8) HGRC(8) If the username in hgrc is empty, it has to be specified manually or in a different hgrc file (e.g. $HOME/.hgrc, if the admin set "username =" in the system hgrc). verbose;; Increase the amount of output printed. True or False. Default is False. web Web interface configuration. accesslog Where to output the access log. Default is stdout. address Interface address to bind to. Default is all. allow_archive List of archive format (bz2, gz, zip) allowed for downloading. Default is empty. allowbz2 (DEPRECATED) Whether to allow .tar.bz2 downloading of repo revisions. Default is false. allowgz (DEPRECATED) Whether to allow .tar.gz downloading of repo revisions. Default is false. allowpull Whether to allow pulling from the repository. Default is true. allow_push Whether to allow pushing to the repository. If empty or not set, push is not allowed. If the special value "*", any remote user can push, including unau- thenticated users. Otherwise, the remote user must have been authenticated, and the authenticated user name must be present in this list (separated by whitespace or ","). The contents of the allow_push list are examined after the deny_push list. allowzip (DEPRECATED) Whether to allow .zip downloading of repo revisions. Default is false. This feature cre- ates temporary files. baseurl Base URL to use when publishing URLs in other loca- tions, so third-party tools like email notification hooks can construct URLs. Example: "http://hgserver/repos/" HGRC(8) HGRC(8) contact Name or email address of the person in charge of the repository. Defaults to ui.username or $EMAIL or "unknown" if unset or empty. deny_push Whether to deny pushing to the repository. If empty or not set, push is not denied. If the special value "*", all remote users are denied push. Otherwise, unauthenticated users are all denied, and any authenticated user name present in this list (sepa- rated by whitespace or ",") is also denied. The con- tents of the deny_push list are examined before the allow_push list. description Textual description of the repository's purpose or contents. Default is "unknown". encoding Character encoding name. Example: "UTF-8" errorlog Where to output the error log. Default is stderr. hidden Whether to hide the repository in the hgwebdir index. Default is false. ipv6 Whether to use IPv6. Default is false. name Repository name to use in the web interface. Default is current working directory. maxchanges Maximum number of changes to list on the changelog. Default is 10. maxfiles Maximum number of files to list per changeset. Default is 10. port Port to listen on. Default is 8000. prefix Prefix path to serve from. Default is '' (server root). push_ssl HGRC(8) HGRC(8) Whether to require that inbound pushes be trans- ported over SSL to prevent password sniffing. Default is true. staticurl Base URL to use for static files. If unset, static files (e.g. the hgicon.png favicon) will be served by the CGI script itself. Use this setting to serve them directly with the HTTP server. Example: "http://hgserver/static/" stripes How many lines a "zebra stripe" should span in mul- tiline output. Default is 1; set to 0 to disable. style Which template map style to use. templates Where to find the HTML templates. Default is install path. AUTHOR Bryan O'Sullivan <email@example.com>. Mercurial was written by Matt Mackall <firstname.lastname@example.org>. SEE ALSO hg(1), hgignore(8). COPYING This manual page is copyright 2005 Bryan O'Sullivan. Mercu- rial is copyright 2005-2007 Matt Mackall. Free use of this software is granted under the terms of the GNU General Pub- lic License (GPL).