NFS(4)                                                     NFS(4)

          nfs - Sun network file system client

          nfs [ -DRv ] [ -p perm ] [ -s srvname ] [ -u passwd group ]
          addr1 [ addr2 ]

          aux/portmap [ -R ] host cmd

          aux/nfsmount [ -R ] host cmd

          Nfs translates between the Sun network file system protocol
          (NFS) and 9P, allowing 9P clients to mount file systems on
          NFS servers.  NFS servers comprise two separate services: a
          mount service used to obtain the initial file handle, and a
          file service used to perform actual file system operations.
          The Sun port mapper service is typically used to find these
          two services.  If one address is given, it is taken to be
          the address of a port mapper service; nfs queries the port
          mapper to find the addresses of the NFS mount service and
          file service.  If two addresses are given, the port mapper
          is bypassed; addr1 is used as the address of the NFS mount
          service, and addr2 is used as the address of the file ser-

          The options are:

          -D   print all 9P messages.

          -R   print all NFS messages.

          -v   print verbose information about session startup.

          -p perm
               set the posted service file to have mode perm, which is
               assumed to be octal; the default is 600.

          -s srvname
               post the service as /srv/srvname; the default is

          -u passwd group
               translate user and group names using the passwd and
               group files, which are in the traditional Unix format.
               The translation is used to present names for user and
               group in stat(5) and wstat messages.  The translation
               is also used to choose the user and group credentials
               to present for a user.  Without this option, users and
               groups are presented as decimal numbers, and everyone

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     NFS(4)                                                     NFS(4)

               attaches as uid -1 (nobody on most Unix systems).

          Portmap and nfsmount are test programs to perform port map-
          per and NFS mount RPCs.  They are useful mainly to help
          debug problems with starting nfs itself.  The -R option
          causes them to print all RPC messages sent and received.

          Portmap queries a Sun RPC portmap server, which maps integer
          (program, version, protocol) triples to port numbers.  Pro-
          gram and version are Sun RPC defined, while protocol is typ-
          ically TCP (6) or UDP (17).  The commands are:

          null a no-op

          dump print the entire map

          set prog vers proto port
               add an entry to (or replace an entry in) the map

          unset prog vers proto port
               remove an entry from the map

          getport prog vers proto
               look for an entry with prog, vers, proto in the map,
               and return the corresponding port The default command
               is dump.  For running NFS over UDP, there must be an
               entry for the NFS v3 mount daemon (100005, 3, 17) and
               the NFS v3 server itself (100003, 3, 17).

          Nfsmount queries a Sun NFS mount server, which authenticates
          (ha!)  connections and hands out file handles naming the
          root of an exported file system.  This handle is used as the
          basis for a conversation with the NFS service daemon itself.
          The commands are:

          null a no-op

               dump the export table; each line is a path followed by
               a list of machines or groups allowed to mount that path

          mnt path
               attempt to acquire a file handle for path.  the request
               has user and group id 1001 and `gnot' as the system

          umnt path
               notify the mount daemon that a particular path is being
               unmounted by the requesting system

               notify the mount daemon that all paths mounted by the

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     NFS(4)                                                     NFS(4)

               requesting system are being unmounted

          dump should also dump an export table, but typically does

          We use this in our /rc/bin/9fs script to mount all the home
          directories served by bopp:

               case bopp
                    if(! test -f /srv/bopp)
                         nfs -p 666 -u /lib/ndb/1127.passwd /lib/ndb/ bopp
                    unmount /n/bopp >[2]/dev/null
                    for(i in u0 u1 u2 u3 u4 u5 u6 u7 u8 u9)
                         mount -a /srv/bopp /n/bopp /$i


          nfsserver(8), srv(4)

          The authentication employed by NFS is laughable.  The server
          simply trusts the uid, gid, and group list presented by the

          Nfs speaks only NFS version 3.  Older operating systems typ-
          ically have reasonable NFS version 2 servers but crash when
          serving version 3.

     Page 3                       Plan 9             (printed 7/22/24)