MS(6)                                                       MS(6)

          ms - macros for formatting manuscripts

          nroff -ms [ options ] file ...
          troff -ms [ options ] file ...

          This package of nroff and troff(1) macro definitions pro-
          vides a canned formatting facility for technical papers in
          various formats.

          The macro requests are defined below.  Many nroff and troff
          requests are unsafe in conjunction with this package, but
          the following requests may be used with impunity after the
          first .PP: `.bp', `.br', `.sp', `.ls', `.na'.

          Output of the eqn(1), tbl(1), pic(1) and grap(1) preproces-
          sors for equations, tables, pictures, and graphs is accept-
          able as input.


          M. E. Lesk, ``Typing Documents on the UNIX System: Using the
          -ms Macros with Troff and Nroff'', Unix Research System
          Programmer's Manual, Tenth Edition, Volume 2.
          eqn(1), troff(1), tbl(1), pic(1)

     Request    Initial Cause Explanation
                Value   Break
     .1C        yes     yes   One column format on a new page.
     .2C        no      yes   Two column format.
     .AB        no      yes   Begin abstract.
     .AE        -       yes   End abstract.
     .AI        no      yes   Author's institution follows.  Sup-
                              pressed in .TM.
     .AT        no      yes   Print `Attached' and turn off line fill-
     .AU x y    no      yes   Author's name follows.  x is location
                              and y is extension, ignored except in
     .B x y z   no      no    Print x in boldface, append roman y and
                              preface with z; if no argument switch to
     .B1        no      yes   Begin text to be enclosed in a box.
     .B2        no      yes   End boxed text.
     .BI x y z  no      no    Print x in bold italic, append roman y

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     MS(6)                                                       MS(6)

                              and preface with z; if no argument
                              switch to bold italic.
     .BT        date    no    Bottom title, automatically invoked at
                              foot of page.  May be redefined.
     .BX x      no      no    Print x in a box.
     .CW x y z  no      no    Constant width font for x, append roman
                              y and preface with z; if no argument
                              switch to constant width.
     .CT        no      yes   Print `Copies to' and turn off line
     .DA x      nroff   no    `Date line' at bottom of page is x.
                              Default is today.
     .DE        -       yes   End displayed text.  Implies .KE.
     .DS x      no      yes   Start of displayed text, to appear ver-
                              batim line-by-line: `I' indented
                              (default), `L' left-justified, `C' cen-
                              tered, `B' (block) centered with
                              straight left margin.  Implies .KS.
     .EG        no      -     Print document in BTL format for
                              `Engineer's Notes.'  Must be first.
     .EN        -       yes   Space after equation produced by neqn or
     .EQ x y    -       yes   Display equation.  Equation number is y.
                              Optional x is I, L, C as in .DS.
     .FE        -       yes   End footnote.
     .FP x      -       no    Set font positions for a family, e.g.,
                              `.FP lucidasans'
     .FS        no      no    Start footnote.  The note will be moved
                              to the bottom of the page.
     .HO        -       no    `Bell Laboratories, Holmdel, New Jersey
     .I x y z   no      no    Italicize x, append roman y and preface
                              with z; if no argument switch to italic.
     .IH        no      no    `Bell Laboratories, Naperville, Illinois
     .IM        no      no    Print document in BTL format for an
                              internal memorandum.  Must be first.
     .IP x y    no      yes   Start indented paragraph, with hanging
                              tag x. Indentation is y ens (default 5).
     .KE        -       yes   End keep.  Put kept text on next page if
                              not enough room.
     .KF        no      yes   Start floating keep.  If the kept text
                              must be moved to the next page, float
                              later text back to this page.
     .KS        no      yes   Start keeping following text.
     .LG        no      no    Make letters larger.
     .LP        yes     yes   Start left-blocked paragraph.
     .LT        no      yes   Start a letter; a non-empty first argu-
                              ment produces a full Lucent letterhead,
                              a second argument is a room number, a
                              third argument is a telephone number.
     .MF        -       -     Print document in BTL format for

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     MS(6)                                                       MS(6)

                              `Memorandum for File.'  Must be first.
     .MH        -       no    `Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New
                              Jersey 07974'.
     .MR        -       -     Print document in BTL format for `Memo-
                              randum for Record.'  Must be first.
     .ND date   troff   no    Use date supplied (if any) only in spe-
                              cial BTL format positions; omit from
                              page footer.
     .NH n      -       yes   Same as .SH, with automatic section num-
                              bers like `1.2.3'; n is subsection level
                              (default 1).  If n is 0, reset the num-
     .NL        yes     no    Make letters normal size.
     .P1        -       yes   Begin program display in constant width
     .P2        -       yes   End program display.
     .PE        -       yes   End picture; see pic(1).
     .PF        -       yes   End picture; restore vertical position.
     .PP        no      yes   Begin paragraph.  First line indented.
     .PS h w    -       yes   Start picture; height and width in
     .PY        -       no    `Bell Laboratories, Piscataway, New Jer-
                              sey 08854'
     .QE        -       yes   End quoted material.
     .QP        -       yes   Begin quoted paragraph (indent both mar-
     .QS        -       yes   Begin quoted material (indent both mar-
     .R         yes     no    Roman text follows.
     .RE        -       yes   End relative indent level.
     .RP        no      -     Cover sheet and first page for released
                              paper.  Must precede other requests.
     .RS        -       yes   Start level of relative indentation from
                              which subsequent indentation is mea-
     .SG x      no      yes   Insert signature(s) of author(s),
                              ignored except in .TM and .LT.  x is the
                              reference line (initials of author and
                              typist).  .}f
     .SH        -       yes   Section head follows, font automatically
     .SM        no      no    Make letters smaller.
     .TA x...   5...    no    Set tabs in ens.  Default is 5 10 15 ...
     .TE        -       yes   End table; see tbl(1).
     .TH        -       yes   End heading section of table.
     .TL        no      yes   Title follows.
     .TM x...   no      -     Print document in BTL technical memoran-
                              dum format.  Arguments are TM number,
                              (quoted list of) case number(s), and
                              file number.  Must precede other
     .TR x      -       -     Print in BTL technical report format;

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     MS(6)                                                       MS(6)

                              report number is x.  Must be first.
     .TS x      -       yes   Begin table; if x is H table heading is
                              repeated on new pages.
     .UL x      -       no    Underline argument (even in troff).
     .UX y z    -       no    `zUNIXy'; first use gives registered
                              trademark notice.
     .WH        -       no    `Bell Laboratories, Whippany, New Jersey

     Page 4                       Plan 9             (printed 7/23/24)